European Campaign
THE RACISM AGAINST ROMA/GIPSIES IN THE MEDIA OF THE EUROPEAN UNION  
(In order to make easier the tabbing, please, choose just ONE answer, except when indicated another way)

IT IS IMPERATIVE THAT YOU FILL IN, AS A MINIMUM, THE ANONYMOUS DATA SECTION.
THE QUESTIONNAIRE THAT DON'T INCLUDE THESE DATA, THEY CAN'T BE USED.

General questions
 
1. What do you understand by racism?
Violent expressions against persons of another race, culture, religion, ideology... 
Rejection or discrimination against persons of another race, culture, religion, ideology... 
Any negative distinction of persons of another race, culture, religion, ideology... 
Negative or positive distinctions 
Other
 
2. What is your opinion about the real situation of ethnic minorities with respect to racism?
It is a problem that has always existed and does not have a solution 
A problem with a solution, if everybody helps 
A situation less serious than is said 
Other
 
3. Your contacts with members of ethnic minorities are...
Usual 
Frequent 
Sporadic 
Rare or they do not exist 
Other
 
4. These relationships are usually for motives of...
Family 
Friendship 
Work 
Do not exist 
Other
 
5. The complaints of minorities are...
Logical 
Justified 
Exaggerated 
An excuse 
Other
 
6. Racism is justifiable...
Never 
In einigen Fällen 
Often 
Always 
Other
 
7. Do you consider that the efforts of minorities to achieve coexistence with the majority society are enough?
They do everything they can 
They could make more effort 
They do not make any effort 
They do not want to be integrated 
Other
 
8.  What degree of responsability do the minorities themselves have in situations of discrimination?
They are not guilty 
In some cases they create these situations 
Their attitudes are the cause of racism 
They cannot be complaint, it is their fault 
Other
 
9. How do you think that the majority society should help the minorities?
Friendship 
Money 
Education 
I do not believe that we should help them 
Other
 
10. What's your opinion about "positive discrimination"?
A good way of fighting against racism 
Things done with good intention cannot be critized 
It is as wrong as negative discrimination 
I do not think they like it 
Other
 
11. Do you consider that the stereotypes given to some minorities are real?
If they have that reputation, it must for a reason 
They are often true 
No, normally they are only clichés 
They are hardly ever real 
Other
 
12. Give points to the following groups according to the degree of discrimination that they suffer in your country. Give 1 to the most rejected group and 5 to the most accepted
Gypsies 
Blacks 
Turkish 
Jewish 
Maghribian
 
13. Which is the current trend of racism in your country?
Increasing 
It stays the same 
Decreasing 
It is no a problem 
Other
 
14. What is your opinion of the reappearance in Europe of groups of racist youths?
It is very worrying 
It is an exageration: it's just a phenomenon of the present moment 
It does not happen such a revival 
Other
 
15. To what causes do you attribute racist expressions in society?
People usually reject what they do know 
Ethnic minorities give grounds for it 
Other
 
16. What is the problem: racism or class?
Racism, what is rejected is the colour of the skin 
Class; a rich and a famous member of a minority is accepted. The problem is money. 
Both 
Neither one nor the other 
Other
 
Mass media
17. Do you consider that racism exists in the media that you know?
Racist attitudes are frequently expressed 
Not especially 
We cannot generalized, very sporadically 
No, the media are not racist 
Other
 
18. Is the image of ethnic minorities in the mass media real?
Always 
Sometimes 
Almost never 
Never 
Other
 
19. How do your think the image of minorities given in the media corresponds to reality?
It is worse than reality 
It is better than reality 
It is quite similar to reality 
It is exactly reality 
Other
 
20. How often does your media report news related to ethnic minorities?
Often 
Sometimes 
Almost never 
Never 
Other
 
21. What type of news is it usually?
Delinquency, drugs... 
Artists, shows, culture... 
There is not a predominant subject 
Minorities issues are not covered 
Other
 
22. Are there in your media people specifically dealing with these news?
No 
Yes 
Why? They are not so important 
Other
 
23. The access of minorities to the media is...
Imposible 
More difficult than for the majority 
Easier than for the majority 
Possible 
Other
 
24. Does your media always make reference to the ethnic origin of minorities?
Yes, always 
It depends on the journalist 
No, we do not mention the origin 
Other
 
25. Do you think that some media encourage racist attitudes?
Yes 
No 
Sometimes 
Other
 
26. How many people belonging to minorities work in your media?
None 
One 
Two 
Three 
Other
 
27. What degree of credibility would they have for readers/listeners?
They would not have any credibility 
Less than a person that did not belong to a minority 
The same as a person who did not belong to a minority 
They may have credibility 
Other
 
28. Would the media accept members of minorities working in the "serious" sections? Such as political section, for instance
Of course 
It would depend on their quality as a professinal 
No 
Other
 
29. As a journalist, what is the best way to fight against racism?
To conceal negative news about minorities 
To treat news about minorities with prudence 
To facilitate access of minorities to the media 
To forget that they are members of minorities 
Other
 
30. As an informative source, does the reporting of a person who belongs to a minority have the same credibility as a person who belongs to the majority society?
Yes, the same 
Almost the same 
I do not trust them 
I do not trust them at all 
Other
 
31. Would it be appropriate to have a means of communication for each minority?
Yes, in this way they would not feel discriminated against 
No, I believe that it would be even more discriminatory 
No, but the majority media should take more account of them 
They are not important enough to have media exclusively for them 
Other
 
32. What attitude do you take to news involving a member of a minority?
The same as if the person did not belong to an ehnic minority 
The same as your news medium 
I think of what the listeners/readers want to hear or read 
I treat the news differently (better or worse) 
Other
 
33. How would you feel if your superior in your news medium was a member of a minority?
No problem, he/she is just like anybody else 
I would feel strange. This situation is not usual 
Sincerely, I really would not like it 
Other
 
34. Are you aware that your opinion, as a journalist, can influence your readers/listeners?
Yes, and therefore we must be careful when expressing our opinions 
Yes, although a journalist must always express what he thinks 
No. I don't think in the consequencies of my opinions 
No. I believe that our opinions do not influence the readers/listeners 
Other
 
35. Do you think that the existence of self-regulation codes for the profession is necessary rather than laws that regulate from outside?
Yes, I belive that would be a good step 
No, I do not believe that it would be a good step 
Journalism is not an appropiate profession for these codes 
Other
 
36. Have you ever received pressures from superiors in any media to cover issues relating to minorities in a certain way?
Yes, and I have had to accept the "suggestions" for fear of the consequences 
Yes, but I did not change my opinion, in spite of the risk of possible consequences 
No, I have never received pressure 
Other
 
Education
 
37. Are young professionals, with a modern education and different educational systems, more tolerant of minorities?
Young professionals are more tolerant and more respectful of minorities 
Young professionals are more intolerant and radical with regard to minorities 
In general they are not very different from the older ones 
It does not depend on the age, it depends on the persons 
Other
 
38. The role of the family in education...
Will be the main factor that will decide if a person will be racist or not 
Will have a big influence very much but will not be decisive 
The school will have more influence than the family 
Racist people are born this way. Not even the family can change that 
Other
 
39. The University or colleges teaching communications and journalism...
Should be more concered with these topics 
Are sufficiently concerned 
Neglect these issues 
It is not their business 
Other
 
40. Give points to the following social institutions involved in the fight against racism. Give 1 to the most important and 5 to the least important
Family 
School 
Administration 
Mass Media 
Other

Open questions
 
41. Could you tell us, if you remember, the latest news that was published in your news medium about a member of an ethnic minority?
 
42. Could you name us any famous person who is a member of an ethnic minority?
 

IT IS IMPERATIVE THAT YOU FILL IN, AS A MINIMUM, ONE OF THE TWO FOLLOWING SECTIONS. THE QUESTIONNAIRE THAT DON'T INCLUDE THESE DATA, THEY CAN'T BE USED.

 

If you want to remain anonymousm fill in the following:
I work in press 
 I work in radio
 I work in TV
 Other 
 City:   Postal Code 

 Country: 
 
 
If you want to identify yourself, fill in the following:
  Name: 
  E-mail: 

  Adress:  
  City:   Postal Code: 
  Country: 
 
 
MDo you want to recive at this adress the that we have promised you free of charge?
Yes No